Coconut oil, shea butter, calendula, sweet almond oil. Apply an amount sufficient to cover the paw pads. In the winter time apply it just before going out for a walk on snow days or on the days after snow storms while there is salt, ice and snow around. For summer time apply on the paws just before going out for a walk on very hot days when there is exposure on hot pavement. It can be used for outdoor cats as well.